An understanding and appreciation of the London’s Edwardian building boom is essential for navigating London’s architectural scene today. In the Edwardian period the City’s and most of London’s West End was rebuilt. The new architecture that replaced the faded Georgian capital was supremely confident, beautifully detailed using high-quality materials, and adopted all the latest technological advances available to the 20th century architect and engineer.
Benedict O'Looney (Benedict O'Looney Architects) will examine both the stylistic and technological sources of London’s Edwardian scene; how the brilliant architect Norman Shaw found a way out of the ‘battle of the styles’ that characterised high Victorian Architecture and how Shaw and his pupils and followers set the high artistic standards and paths that British architecture was to follow into the twentieth century.
Benedict will look at the two principal design currents of Fin de Siècle London: the changeful Arts and Crafts ‘Edwardian Free Style’ and the Classical revival brilliantly led by Edwin Lutyens. He will also look at how progressive architects and engineers battled with London’s antiquated building control laws to introduce fully steel-framed buildings, and show that behind the immaculately detailed Portland Stone, glazed brick and terracotta facades, the modern structures and services we take for granted in building today were first found.
Cass Cities and the Architecture and Urbanism MA are delighted to partner with the London Society in bringing to you two 'Saturday Schools' on Architecture and Planning. Two series of five Saturday morning sessions in June and September, in which eminent and lively speakers cover topics relevant to the past, present and future of London at a variety of scales, from building to city.
The planning system is a complex world of jargon-filled regulations, inscrutable maps and emotionally charged meetings. It is inhabited by an unseemly mixture of politicians, developers and consultants, with ordinary local people often bearing the brunt of their deals in the high streets and neighbourhood roads where we live. It is often blamed for blighting our beloved places with ugly buildings, and yet is similarly accused of holding back the development we need to meet pentup housing demand.
Planning is one of the most visible and potent outworkings of our democracy. It is the forum that safeguards by law our rights as citizens to influence the places we live and work in the city.
How then do we engage with the planning system? Why did some parts of London end up the way they did? What (or who) are the main forces at work in shaping urban form? How can we value the past while thinking about London's future? The Saturday Planning School will be a forum for discussing these issues in the midst of a rapidly changing London. As the city sees unprecedented changes in infrastructure provision, physical growth and demographic change, what does a well-functioning planning system look like?
Over five weeks, experts at the coal face of shaping London will be discussing the workings and challenges of London's planning system through the lens of scale - successively scrutinising the site, the neighbourhood, the borough and the city with an interlude on density and housing.
The 2018 London Society Architecture School will explore the architecture of London from the halcyon years before the First World War when London was the largest city in the world, the centre of an enormous empire, through the period of long reinvention, to the present day. Changes in social aspirations have left a portfolio of buildings that mirror this 100 year period of architectural evolution. Technology, cultural and political developments have left their marks on the palimpsest of buildings that the unprecedented changing forces and opportunities that the wrench from a 'search for a new style' in architecture. How and why is architecture so changeable? What drives a design and how can cultural references be picked up, used, discarded and then picked up again? How do clients and building methods drive design? How does this ever-changing rainbow of taste evolve and leave its mark in a building?
The London Society is a forum for debate on the future of London. They arrange events and visits to a variety of places, buildings and institutions, some not generally open to the public, organise debates and lectures, including the annual Sir Banister Fletcher Lecture, addressed by distinguished speakers. The Society also sponsors the All Party Parliamentary Group on London Planning and Built Environment.